It led to the development of movable type in the eleventh 19th century book printing century and the spread of book production in east asia. Woodblock printing was also used in europe, but it was in the 19th century book printing fifteenth century that european printers developed a process for mass- producing metal type to support an economical book publishing industry. So, the wove mould and the two- vat mill were staples of the book printing industry at the start of the 19th century. It was also about this time that things began to change, and change rapidly. Since time and memorial fine clothing was made of linen cloth, but now a new fabric was to emerge, this made of cotton. At the beginning of the 19th century most printing was carried out in small, haphazardly adapted workshops, on heavy wooden hand presses, using traditional methods which had 19th century book printing changed very little in 300 years. By the end of the century the industry was dominated by fewer, larger firms, operating in. The process of surface printing, ( ink on metal surface to paper) was the primary means for printing books for most of printing 19th century book printing history. In 19th century book printing the 21st century only fine 19th century book printing book presses using metal type ( or polymer plates on a type- high carrier). The kellogg company is the first to use it for packaging cereals in the late 19th century. 1821 – de la rue is founded.
Thomas de la rue starts a printing company in london. In 1831 the company is allowed to produce playing cards, with postage stamps following in 1855 and banknotes in 1860. During the second half of the nineteenth century the invention of the linotype solves a major problem of the printing industry. Due to the ever increasing speed of presses, typesetting had become a major bottleneck in the production process.