Why use this guide? This research guide explains how to access and understand the information within domesday book. For a more detailed introduction to domesday, and england at the end of the 11th century, when domesday was compiled, domesday book place names in england consult our online domesday exhibition. The original domesday. Inspire a love of reading with prime book box for kids discover delightful children' s books with prime book box, a subscription that delivers new books every 1, 2, or 3 months — new customers receive 15% off your first box. Domesday book place- name forms all the original spellings of domesday book place names in england english place- names in domesday book ( link to pdf file). Domesday book online simple to use directory with interactive map of england in domesday book place names in england norman times commercial site with extracts from domesday book domesday book entries including translations for each settlement. The domesday book, our domesday book place names in england earliest public record, is a unique survey of the value and ownership of lands and resources in late 11th century england.
The record was compiled in, a mere twenty years after the norman conquest, at the order of william the conqueror. Domesday book online simple to use directory with interactive map of england in norman times; commercial site with extracts from domesday book domesday book entries including translations for each settlement. Domesday book is our oldest and most famous public record. It surveys england south of the river tees, recording data for both 10, domesday book place names in england thus documenting the norman conquest, one of the greatest upheavals in english history. The place- names of the domesday manuscripts 1 by domesday book place names in england p. Sawyer, ma assistant in history in the university of edinburgh domesday book is important not only for historians but also for students of english place- names.
8 it is based domesday book place names in england on a survey of england made in 1086 and was itself compiled. Domesday book is the most famous english public record, and it is probably the most remarkable statistical document in the history of europe. It calls itself merely a descriptio and it acquired its name in the following century because its authority seemed comparable to that of the book by which one day all will be judged ( revelation 20: 12). Domesday book was a comprehensive survey and record of all the landowners, property, tenants and serfs of medieval norman england which was compiled ince under the orders of william the conqueror ( r. Hallam, domesday book through nine centuries ( [ london, ] 1986) a survey of how the domesday book has been used since its composition, and how antiquarians and historians have viewed the record.
Kapelle, the domesday book place names in england purpose of domesday book: a quandary, from essays in medieval studies, vol. The domesday book is one of medieval england’ s greatest treasures. The domesday book is closely linked with william the conqueror’ s attempt to dominate medieval england. Along with a string of castles throughout england, the domesday book was to give william huge authority in england. We know this from other evidence - such as anglo- saxon charters, architectural domesday book place names in england evidence or the origins of the place- name itself. The place- names found in the domesday book are township and estate. The domesday book place names in england domesday book is the record of the great survey of much of england, and parts of wales, completed in 1086, done for william i of england, or william the conqueror. The domesday domesday book place names in england book ( also known as domesday, or book of winchester) was a record of all taxable land in england, together with such information as would indicate its worth. This gazetteer is intended to supplement the other volumes of the domesday geography of england by providing an index of place- names together with maps showing their domesday book place names in england location. The number of separate places named in the domesday book amounts to over 13, 400. What does the domesday book contain?
There are some 13418 towns and villages recorded in the domesday book, covering domesday book place names in england 40 of the old counties of england. The majority of these still exist in some form today. Click on a county name on the map to continue, or use the list of links below it. To see full names of counties hold your mouse over the name.
As expected, the domesday book shows us that the areas where there is a greater number of occurrences of scandinavian place names elements are those within the danelaw, and, in general, where scandinavian settlement was the strongest, during the 8th, 9th and 10th century. Domesday book is the earliest, and by far the most famous, domesday book place names in england english public record. It is the record of a survey which, according to the anglo- saxon chronicle, william the conqueror ordered to be taken at christmas 1085; a survey so thorough that not ' one domesday book place names in england ox nor one cow nor one pig' was omitted. Domesday book ( / ˈ d domesday book place names in england uː m z d eɪ / domesday book place names in england or us: / ˈ domesday book place names in england d oʊ m domesday book place names in england z d eɪ / ; latin: liber de wintonia " book of winchester" ) is a manuscript record of the " great survey" of much of england and parts of wales completed in 1086 by order of king william the conqueror. On the economy and taxation, military service, other public obligations, administrative structures, government, domesday book place names in england legal customs and practice, place- names and personal names and many more miscellaneous topics, domesday book is the primary source for several centuries of english history. The bulk of the evidence for the settlement of the english in. Origins of place names. Virtually all of the place names decided on up to around the 14th century were due to the environment of the area. For example, doncaster would probably have originated as a roman fort on a hill, from the roman ' caster' and celtic ' don'. Substitutions of french elements for english elements also occurred in place names, of which ville for feld is the most common ( cameron, p.
Enville ( staffordshire) occurs in the domesday book as efnefeld ( mills, p. 123) and turville occurs in the form thyrefeld in 796 ( mills, p. This page simply records all owner names mentioned in domesday book. ( note that the same name is not domesday book place names in england necessarily the same person. The domesday book was compiled on the orders of william the conquerer to catalogue the ownership and value of land in the newly conquered territories of england.
It was completed in 1086.In the 11th century, surnames were still in a state of flux and many people still did not have what we would consider a surname. The domesday book recorded 19, 500 people and over 13, 400 places, far more than in any previous document. In fact, more anglo- saxon place names are recorded in domesday book than in all the anglo- saxon documents put together. The domesday book shows how cosmopolitan the population domesday book place names in england of lincoln was. In both indexes the exact latin forms given in domesday book and all variant spellings have been retained. The index locorumlists all place- domesday book place names in england names in domesday, except where linked to an ` institution' : the names of administrative units have been incorporated alphabetically into this index with the appropriate term added after the name. Residents of hampstead might not be too pleased to learn that their exclusive london village once housed more pigs than people but this is just one of the fascinating insights to be gained from reading the domesday book. After the norman invasion and conquest of england in 1066, the domesday book. A fundamental part of english domesday book place names in england heritage, the domesday book is unique in medieval history, recording an entire country and its inhabitants town by town, with over 12, 500 entries. In this domesday book place names in england lavishly illustrated book, elizabeth hallam and thomas hinde examine the background to the nine- hundred- year- old.
I have transcribed all names exactly as domesday book place names in england they appear in my sources with one exception. I have replaced the medial domesday book place names in england ' s' with a short ' s' to make the lists more readable. Cornwall; bibliography domesday translations. Morris, john domesday book place names in england ( general ed.
), domesday book ( chichester: phillimore,, vol. Consisting of 913 pages, and 2 million words, the book mentions more than 13, 000 domesday book place names in england place names in england and some parts of wales. It was written in medieval latin, which was the form of latin used in roman catholic western europe at the time. The oxford dictionary of english place names gives the derivation of the name glentham as glente + hām, meaning either ' homestead frequented by birds of prey' or ' homestead at a lookout place'.
Caenby is said to probably mean ' farmstead or village of a man called cāfna or kafni'. This page simply lists all places mentioned in domesday book. You may prefer to use the map. The hundred of hemyock covered fifteen place names. Hemyock was the chief manor, or head of the hundred. Awliscombe and some other places were sub- divided into several individual holdings or manors, each held by a different person, so listed separately in the domesday book. The modernised names of the places in the hundred of hemyock are. Associated with the reign of william the conqueror, the domesday book was created to domesday book place names in england provide the king with a means of maintaining control over medieval england. The domesday book was created around 20 years after the battle of hastings, when william i demanded information about the ownership status. There are around 2 million words in the domesday book.
Handwriting analysis shows the domesday books records were all written down by one man, almost certainly an anglo saxon because place names domesday book place names in england and people names were spelled correctly- normans tended to spell them incorrectly.